One of the primary arguments that Muslims give to the critics of their religion Islam, in order to establish the authenticity of their religion, is to try to show that their Holy Book (the Qur’an) actually contains scientific miracles. One of their favorite examples of a scientific miracle in their Qur’an is to try to show that the Qur’an miraculously writes about the existence of the seven layers of the atmosphere hundreds of years before scientists discovered and verified the existence of the seven layers in the atmosphere. This claim by our Muslim friends is usually extrapolated from one of the two following verses in the Qur’an;
“It is He Who created everything on the earth for you and then directed His attention up to heaven and arranged it into seven regular heavens. He has knowledge of all things.”(Qur’an, 2:29)
“Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke. In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate.” (Qur’an, 41:11-12)
Indeed, you can see Muslims arguing for such a thing here and here. These seven layers of the atmosphere predicted by the Qur’an, according to the Muslims, are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere, ionosphere, and the magnetosphere. Because there are seven layers in the atmosphere, the Qur’an must be right and contain a scientific miracle.
Immediately, we can see a major error in this interpretation. For one, how exactly are the ‘seven heavens’ meant to be interpreted as seven layers in the Earth’s atmosphere? Such an ambiguous connection is definitely spurious, as there is no real connection between these two things, rather it is just a silly attempt at trying to connect an Islamic teaching to real, scientific knowledge from today that simply has nothing to do with Islam or the Qur’anic verses provided to us.
Secondly, according to NASA’s website, there are only six layers in the atmosphere. In other words, this connection is entirely non-existent. Unlike the diagram above, NASA does not include the magnetosphere. Indeed, what the magnetosphere actually is, is not a layer in our atmosphere, but rather a region surrounding any astronomical body, such as our Earth, in which is dominated by the astronomical bodies magnetic field. It is simply not part of the atmosphere.
Unfortunately for the Muslims, the problems do not end there. On the off chance that the magnetosphere really is part of the atmosphere (which is a zero chance), Islam is actually a false religion, not a true one. Why is this so? Take a look at the following verse from the Qur’an:
“So He ordained them seven heavens in two periods, and revealed in every heaven its affair; and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars…” (Qur’an 41:12)
According to an atmospheric interpretation of these verses from the Qur’an, this other verse in the Qur’an we have just seen is telling us that the lower heavens possess the stars. So, according to the Muslims who make this atmospheric connection, this verse is really saying that the stars in our universe are actually located in the lower layers of Earth’s atmosphere. What is wrong with this? Nothing, except for such a thing being incomprehensibly false. The nearest star is nowhere close to our atmosphere, let alone inside of it, for the nearest star to our Earth is the sun, which is nearly 150,000,000 kilometers away from Earth. So, there are two options for our Muslim friends here:
A) Islam is false, because the Qur’an claims that the stars are in the layers of the atmosphere of Earth, which is false.
B) The Qur’an simply contains no scientific miracle involving the Qur’anic concept of the seven heavens.
Either way, the problems continue stacking up for anyone who wants to hold on to a scientific interpretation of these verses. The fact is, historians of ancient religion know what the Qur’an really means when it references the ‘seven heavens’, and that is because such a concept is part of pre-Copernican theory, in which states that the seven heavens are the seven astronomical bodies that were known to the ancients. These seven heavens/astronomical bodies that the ancients knew about would be the moon, sun, Mercury, Mars, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. Indeed, these were the ‘seven heavens’ according to pre-Copernican theory, and God’s throne lay right above it. Sadly for Muhammad though, he had no idea about the existence of Uranus and Neptune, two planets he missed from his counting of heavens (sorry guys, Pluto isn’t a planet). That means this has nothing to do with the layers of the atmosphere.
Now, let us finally place the final nail into this idea of a ‘miracle’. Indeed, we shall entirely concede that the concept of the seven heavens WAS INDEED a scientific miracle, only obtainable to the the people that lived before this scientific discovery because of direct knowledge given to them by God. So, what do we do now? Convert to Islam? No. Why? Because the notion of seven heavens PREDATES Islam. Indeed, I am someone who has read lots of ancient history, including some of the apocryphal writings based on the New Testament. One of those apocryphal writings I have read is known as the Martyrdom of Isaiah, and it possesses the concept of the seven heavens, several hundred years before Islam was invented. In fact most of the Martyrdom of Isaiah revolves around the concept of the seven heavens. The author of the Martyrdom of Isaiah forged this writing as a counterfeit to the New Testament, but because we now know the Martyrdom of Isaiah clearly contains a scientific miracle, in which Muslims copied from and added to their Qur’an, it was not forged by Christian heretics, but rather entirely inspired! Meaning we all now should convert to Christianity.
Well, I was already a Christian before this debunking, but I suppose the Muslims can join me now. Hallelujah!