The Omnipotence Paradox

God is literally the greatest possible being. God is omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscience, self-existing and ever-being, and all the above.

But… Can God create a stone so large that even He cannot lift it? Can God will Himself out of existence create a puzzle so hard that even He cannot solve it?

If God can create a stone so large that even He cannot lift it, then there is something He cannot do and He is not omnipotent. If he can’t create a stone so large that even he cannot lift it, He is not omnipotence in the first place. At least, according to the omnipotence paradox.

The omnipotence paradox is an atheistic argument against the existence of God. Since some atheists are more honest, and admit that they cannot rule out God’s existence unless they actually cough up actual evidence against the existence of God, this is one of the arguments they try. And in fact, this argument is universally laughed at by philosophers, because it, although seems intriguing on its face, would fail to sustain itself even after a single Philosophy 101 course. One of the worlds greatest and most influential living philosophers, Dr. William Lane Craig comments the following on it;

…people will often ask if God can make a stone to heavy for him to lift. If he is all-powerful, shouldn’t God be able to make a stone that is so heavy that he is unable to lift it? If you say, “No, he can lift anything!” then that means there is something he can’t do – which is make such a stone. This is a logical impossibility. Could God bring it about that Jesus both died on the cross and did not die on the cross? That again seems logically inconceivable – that is a logical contradiction. Can God make a round square or a married bachelor? Those sorts of logical impossibilities are typically exempted from omnipotence. Omnipotence doesn’t mean the ability to do things that are logically impossible. Indeed, something that is logically impossible isn’t really a thing at all, when you think about it. It is not as though there is some “thing” that God can’t do. Those are just contradictory combinations of words, and there is no such thing as a round square or a stone too heavy for God to lift. This is not an infringement of his omnipotence, as it is typically understood.

The omnipotence paradox, in essence, is feeble. Omnipotence is being able to do all things, however logically impossible or logically incoherent concepts are not things at all, the question “Can God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?” is on logically nonsensical and has no actual meaning, because it is not logically valid. Logically impossible things are not things at all, they are nothing, they are just self-contradictory ideas that have no actual meaning, and thus have no relevance to omnipotence. God is omnipotent, and so by definition, He can do all things.

The question “Can God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?” posits that it is possible that a stone exist that is beyond the limits of an omnipotent being, but such a stone cannot exist in any conceivable world, and therefore is logically invalid. Likewise, asking if God can will Himself out of existence, if God can create a puzzle so hard He cannot solve, or if He can create a square circle, all presuppose logically invalid concepts, and thus are of no meaning. The only way for any of these questions to bear meaning is to show that logically invalid concepts are actually logical in some possible world, which is by definition impossible — therefore, the omnipotence paradox is invalid. This is something that all the worlds best and weakest philosophers understand, and thus there is no logical problem for the existence of God.

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Isaiah 53 Confirms Christianity

Christianity, the worlds greatest religion. Not only is the Christian faith more widespread then all other religious beliefs that have existed throughout history, but it is also the one true religion as well. Much confirmation has come to Christianity, especially from history and archaeology. Indeed, I’ve done a number of posts on the archaeological and historical confirmation of the Bible (see here and here for some examples). But one of the more well-known forms of complete confirmation of the proposition of Christianity and the Lord Jesus are biblical prophecies.

Biblical prophecies are what God foretells in the books of the Bible. And indeed, God declares to us that He tells the end from the beginning.

[Isaiah 46:10] Remember what happened long ago, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and no one is like Me. I declare the end from the beginning, and from long ago what is not yet done, saying: My plan will take place, and I will do all My will.

I believe the greatest prophecy in the entire Old Testament is a prophecy from the Book of Isaiah. This prophecy is the prophecy of Isaiah 53, the suffering servant prophecy. Contrary to popular thought, scholars agree the prophecy actually starts in Isaiah 52:13, not Isaiah 53:1 (but I will refer to the entire thing as Isaiah 53 later on). Considering that, we shall now quote the passage and behold one of God’s ultimate confirmations of Christianity through Jesus. A long prophecy, just to warn you.


[Isaiah 52:13-Isaiah 53:12] See, My Servant will act wisely; He will be raised and lifted up and greatly exalted. Just as many were appalled at You—His appearance was so disfigured that He did not look like a man, and His form did not resemble a human being—
so He will sprinkle many nations. Kings will shut their mouths because of Him, For they will see what had not been told them, and they will understand what they had not heard. Who has believed what we have heard? And who has the arm of the Lord been revealed to? He grew up before Him like a young plant and like a root out of dry ground. He didn’t have an impressive form or majesty that we should look at Him, no appearance that we should desire Him. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of suffering who knew what sickness was. He was like someone people turned away from; He was despised, and we didn’t value Him. Yet He Himself bore our sicknesses, and He carried our pains; but we in turn regarded Him stricken, struck down by God, and afflicted. But He was pierced because of our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities; punishment for our peace was on Him, and we are healed by His wounds. We all went astray like sheep; we all have turned to our own way; and the Lord has punished Him for the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. Like a lamb led to the slaughter and like a sheep silent before her shearers, He did not open His mouth. He was taken away because of oppression and judgment; and who considered His fate? For He was cut off from the land of the living; He was struck because of my people’s rebellion. They made His grave with the wicked and with a rich man at His death, although He had done no violence and had not spoken deceitfully. Yet the Lord was pleased to crush Him severely. When You make Him a restitution offering, He will see His seed, He will prolong His days, and by His hand, the Lord’s pleasure will be accomplished. He will see it out of His anguish, and He will be satisfied with His knowledge. My righteous Servant will justify many, and He will carry their iniquities. Therefore I will give Him the many as a portion, and He will receive the mighty as spoil, because He submitted Himself to death, and was counted among the rebels; yet He bore the sin of many and interceded for the rebels.


Indeed, a miraculous prophecy written more than half a millennium before Jesus was born. The Book of Isaiah foretells many things about Jesus.

  1. This prophecy predicts Jesus will be rejected by man, Isaiah 53:3 says “He was despised and rejected by men, a man of suffering who knew what sickness was.”
  2. This prophecy predicts the crucifixion of Jesus, Isaiah 53:5 says “But He was pierced because of our transgressions, crushed because of our iniquities;” (another prophecy that speak of Jesus’ crucifixion is Psalm 22:16)
  3. This prophecy predicts that Jesus will be oppressed and detained, Isaiah 53:7 says “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth.”
  4. This prophecy predicts Jesus will be buried by a rich man (whom we know as Joseph of Arimathea), Isaiah 53:9 says “They made His grave with the wicked and with a rich man at His death,”
  5. This prophecy predicts Jesus will be sinless in His life, Isaiah 53:9 also says “although He had done no violence and had not spoken deceitfully.”
  6. This prophecy predicts Jesus will be considered a criminal, Isaiah 53:12 says “because He submitted Himself to death, and was counted among the rebels;”
  7. This prophecy predicts Jesus will die for our sins, Isaiah 53:12 also says “yet He bore the sin of many and interceded for the rebels.”

There is absolutely not a figment of doubt that the Isaiah 53 prophecy miraculously references to Jesus hundreds of years before Jesus was born. The false prophecies of Nostradamus are inconceivable vague, but the words of Isaiah are so unimaginably specific and clear that they speak of Jesus, that no other man in the history of humanity fulfilled such prophecy.

And in fact, to prove this refers to Jesus by anyone’s conception, there is a popular video I found by PuritanPictures where a Christian finds a random Atheist, reads the Isaiah 53 prophecy without telling him that it predates the life of Jesus, asks him who it is talking about, and he answers that it speaks of Jesus! I will post this video on the bottom of this post.

Indeed, and here is a video of random Jews in Israel even being convinced that this speaks of Jesus!

This removes any doubt about the miraculous nature of this prophecy. Some of the disbelievers wish to challenge this, however, and luckily for me there are no logical responses to this prophecy. So, I will now rebuke and rebut all the weak claims against it and its nature. If you go around, these are the objections you will hear.

  • Isaiah 53 was actually written after Jesus
  • Isaiah 53 was never meant as a Messianic prophecy until after Jesus came
  • Isaiah 53 is actually talking about Israel, not Jesus (???)
  • Isaiah 53 can’t be talking about Jesus because it contradicts Jesus
  • Isaiah 53 is written in past-tense, and so couldn’t have been a prediction of Jesus

Let’s address all of them now.


Some people, believe it or not, actually conceive that the Book of Isaiah was not written until after Jesus lived. This is false, though. The Book of Isaiah was actually composed in the late 8th century BC, perhaps between 730 – 701 BC. There are numerous historical synchronisms in the Book of Isaiah to this period of time, which removes all doubt as to when it was written. For example, in Isaiah 7:1, the Book of Isaiah speaks that it is recording events contemporaneously to the reign of King Ahaz. King Ahaz is an ancient king whom we now know existed, and died at about 715 BC. We have found the personal seal of King Ahaz. It dates to the 8th century BC.

Ahaz's seal from the Shlomo Moussaieff Collection, London

Furthermore, Tiglath-Pileser III, an Assyrian king, also mentions King Ahaz in his annals, and Tiglath-Pileser III reigned between 745-727 BC. So we have a very good reconstruction of when King Ahaz lived, and therefore when the events of Isaiah were first written. Furthermore, in 2015, the Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar discovered the royal bulla of King Hezekiah, the son of King Ahaz, which reads “Belonging to Hezekiah [son of] Ahaz king of Judah”, and dates to between 727 – 698 BC. Finally, the oldest full manuscript of the entire Book of Isaiah is known as the Great Isaiah Scroll, which dates to about 150 BC, more then a century before the birth of Jesus. And it contains Isaiah 53. We have an actual manuscript of this prophecy that was penned more then a century before Jesus was even born. So in other words, we know with certainty that this prophecy does in fact predate Jesus. What about the next objection?

As explained earlier, there are some people who posit that Isaiah 53 was never actually believed to be a Messianic Prophecy before Jesus came, and was just twisted by later Christians into such a thing in order to figment a prophecy of Jesus as being the Messiah. This of course, is historically inaccurate. The Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) have established that Isaiah 53 was believed to be about the Messiah before Jesus was born. We have already spoken of the Great Isaiah Scroll, which is part of the DSS and dates to about 150 BC (before Jesus was born). Here is an image of the text of Isaiah 53 found in the Great Isaiah Scroll.

Here is a very fine explanation I found to explain the highlighted part of this text.

52:14 includes an obscure hapax legomena מִשְׁחַת that appears in 1QIsaa as משׁחתי which pointed would be מְשַׁחְתִּי məšaḥtî, “I anointed”. This, in conjunction with the added definite article on ʾadam, results in a text which Hengel translates: “I have anointed his appearance beyond that of any (other) man, and his form beyond that of the sons of humanity [the human]”. This has other textual overtones bringing the passage into an explicit connection with “anointing”.

The word Messiah is Hebrew for “the anointed one”, and so the concept of the Messiah was an anointed figure by God, and this view of the Messiah has been implemented into the Great Isaiah Scroll manuscript of Isaiah 53. In other words, manuscripts of Isaiah 53 that exist before Jesus was born contain Messianic overtones, therefore abundantly establishing that Isaiah 53 was regarded as Messianic prophecy before the lifetime of Jesus. This in fact helps further establish Jesus as the fulfiller of this prophecy.

Therefore, we shall now address the third, and perhaps strangest objection of them all. Indeed, some proclaim that this prophecy speaks not of Jesus, but is actually a text about Israel!

This is how the modern rabbi’s and modern Jewish teachers will explain away the Old Testaments references to Jesus. This explanation was also only invented for the sole purpose of combating the claims of Christians, and has no legitimacy. For example, Isaiah 52:14 literally says the servant is a human being, and that this human was beaten so badly (Roman whipping of Jesus?) that his face was disfigured and he no longer even resembled a human being afterwards. In other words, because the prophecy speaks of a human being, it couldn’t possibly be about Israel, which is a country. Isaiah 53:9 says “He had done no violence”, which could not possibly apply to Israel, because Israel’s history is filled with violence and war with the Canaanite’s and Philistine’s. Indeed, Isaiah 53:12 says “because He submitted Himself to death” — someone is going to need to explain how the geographical region of Israel exactly died if they want this to apply to Israel! This should establish, beyond a reasonable doubt, that Isaiah 53 has nothing to do with Israel. For a compilation of several more reasons as to why Isaiah 53 has nothing to do with Israel (such as the use of pronouns in Isaiah 53), read this very concisely written article listing ten full reasons. Indeed, we should take a look at the simpler explanation, and conclude it can only be talking about the Jesus. An important thing for modern Jews to consider is that all the ancient Jews and rabbi’s believed that Isaiah 53 was talking about the Messiah as well, which is very important to consider. The concept of this applying to Israel is a modern day invention that is incompatible with the text.

For the next objection, we have people who don’t think Isaiah 53 lines up with Jesus. They go to painful lengths to try to find discrepancies between Isaiah 53 and Jesus. Here are just a few of them, with rebuttals included.

  • Isaiah 53:3 says “He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain.” — but Jesus was not rejected, he had so many followers! Although he did have followers, he was obviously rejected. He had an entire crowd of Jews at his trial with Pontius Pilate demanding he be put to death, not to mention the very fact that he was put to death which seriously proves he was rejected.
  • Isaiah 53:7 says “He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. Like a lamb led to the slaughter and like a sheep silent before her shearers, He did not open His mouth.” — but Jesus spoke during the trial with Pontius Pilate (John 18:34-19:11)! This is a strange objection considering Isaiah 53:7 is talking about the actual whipping, beating and crucifixion of Jesus, not the trial that had occurred beforehand.
  • Isaiah 53:10 says “He will see His seed, He will prolong His days,” — this verse says Jesus would have descendants and children, but He didn’t! This verse actually does not say Jesus would have any actual children of His own, this is clearly speaking of His spiritual progeny. Galatians 3:26 tells us in Christ we are all children of God.

Isaiah 53 is so clearly talking about Jesus that it is slightly funny to see people trying to find discrepancies between the accounts.

Lastly, there are those people who claim Isaiah 53 is written in past tense, and therefore is not referring to events in the future, such as the acts of Jesus. Actually, it contains both past-tense and future-tense elements, showing that all uses of past/present/future tense are obviously literary. Some cases of future tense in Isaiah 52:13-53:12 includes the following phrases;

  • He will be raised and lifted up and greatly exalted (Is. 52:14)
  • so He will sprinkle many nations. Kings will shut their mouths because of Him, For they will see what had not been told them, and they will understand what they had not heard (Is. 52:15)
  • Therefore I will give Him the many as a portion, and He will receive the mighty as spoil, because He submitted Himself to death, and was counted among the rebels; yet He bore the sin of many and interceded for the rebels (Is. 53:12)


There is only one logical conclusion, and that is the Isaiah 53 miraculously foretells of our Lord Jesus Christ. It speaks of a man who will be crushed for our iniquities, of a man who will die for our sins and bear our transgressions. It speaks of a man who will be considered a criminal and submit to death for us and to save us, and by His wounds we are healed and forgiven of our sins. It tells us this man will be pierced, clearly speaking of the coming crucifixion of Jesus, the cross Jesus was nailed and pierced into. This prophecy predated Jesus by centuries and was considered a Messianic prophecy from the start, and that it speaks of Jesus is undeniable. This prophecy proves Christianity is true. God gives us no excuse not to believe once we have seen and been given the evidence, and when Jesus knocks on our door, He awaits our answer. We must repent, and accept salvation which is the gift of God, something we are given and do not earn. And evidence did God give for our faith.

[Isaiah 53:5] But he was pierced for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His wounds we are healed.

Refuting Funny Bible Contradictions

We’ve almost all heard the claim by now — “the Bible is filled with contradictions!!”, but despite that, we’ve almost never actually seen a self-proclaimed contradiction worth more than a few seconds to deal with. You’d imagine that the skeptic would eventually get it — that they have no clue what they are talking about, but they always seem oblivious to it. So I decided to put together a quick debunking of some funny Bible errors.

The first one has to do with where Jesus delivered the Sermon on the Mount.

Matthew 5:1: When He saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain, and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.

Luke 6:17: After coming down with them, He stood on a plain with a large crowd of His disciples and a great number of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon.

So, was it on a plain or a mountain? It clearly can’t be both!

Here’s a picture of a picture of a plain on a mountain.

It almost looks to much like a plain, but that plain right there is actually sitting on a mountain. So, it looks like it can be both. Next contradiction? How many sons did Absalom have?

2 Samuel 14:27: Three sons were born to Absalom, and a daughter named Tamar, who was a beautiful woman.

2 Samuel 18:18: When he was alive, Absalom had set up a pillar for himself in the King’s Valley, for he had said, “I have no son to preserve the memory of my name.” So he gave the pillar his name. It is still called Absalom’s Monument today.

So, did Absalom have three sons, or none at all according to 2 Samuel 18:18?

A way to resolve this passage is by actually reading the passage, something that gets in the way of most skeptics when trying to seep out a contradiction from anything. Absalom does “I have no sons”, he says “I have no sons to preserve the memory of my name” — in other words, we know he did have sons, but they all died, and Absalom therefore has no sons to preserve his lineage.

For the next one, only one verse needs to be quoted.

Judges 1:19: The Lord was with Judah and enabled them to take possession of the hill country, but they could not drive out the people who were living in the valley because those people had iron chariots.

According to this passage, it almost seems as if God is unable to defeat the people who were living in the valley because they had iron chariots! But isn’t God all-powerful, aren’t we told in the Bible that with God all things are possible? It’s almost pretty obvious, the verse specifically said that Judah went to war with both the hill country and the people living in the valley. We are told God was with and enabled Judah to take the hill country, the verse does not say that He was with Judah in the battle against the people living in the valley. And without the help of God, Judah was unable to defeat the people living in the valley. In fact, that is exactly what the verse is implying — that the Israelite’s, without God, are unable to defeat any of their foes. In other words, the contradiction only arises when one does not actually read the passage.

One more!

Genesis 4:17:  Cain was intimate with his wife, and she conceived and gave birth to Enoch. Then Cain became the builder of a city, and he named the city Enoch after his son.

If you read Genesis 1-4, it notes that God created Adam and Eve, and then Adam and Eve had two sons — Cain and Abel. Which means, there are four humans in the entire world, right? So where on Earth does Cain get his wife from, if the only other recorded child of Adam and Eve is Abel (whom Cain killed)?

Notice, Cain and Abel are the only recorded children of Adam and Eve (aside from Seth, who is born later). In fact, we are not told a single daughter is born anywhere in the Bible until Genesis 5, as Genesis 1-4 hasn’t any interest in the women (aside from Eve) at this point into the story, rather it focuses on the predominant figures, which are obviously men. Genesis 1-4 simply was not recording the female descendants of Adam and Eve, and we know that they had female descendants anyways because Genesis 5:4 says “Adam lived 800 years after the birth of Seth, and he fathered other sons and daughters“. So there were in fact women around for Cain to marry, we just aren’t told any were born until Genesis 5:4.

Bible Says Insects Have Four Legs?

The Holy Bible is one of the greatest documents in the history of humanity, if not easily the greatest. To date, the Bible is the best-selling book of all time, selling over six billion copies. It has inspired billions and leads the way for the largest religious group on Earth, us Christians. With all the poetry, history, prophecy and moral teachings in this book, the Bible remains one of the most influential books of all time, taking the attention of the worlds greatest philosophers to walk this Earth. Indeed, many are even surprised by its complete lack of any errors whatsoever… However, some would like to challenge that. Indeed, the non-believers have been attempting to, for centuries, come up with a single error in this entire document, the Bible yet again finds itself in the way of another attack.

Funnily enough, once you deal with these critters long enough, you realize they’re wrong before they’ve even started. Apparently, these people postulate that the Bible contains a scientific error in the Book of Leviticus! The Bible, to these people, scientifically blunders as it laughably says insects only have four legs, when they have six in reality!

[Leviticus 11:20-23] “All winged insects that walk on all fours are to be detestable to you. But you may eat these kinds of all the winged insects that walk on all fours: those that have jointed legs above their feet for hopping on the ground. You may eat these: any kind of locust, katydid, cricket, and grasshopper. All other winged insects that have four feet are to be detestable to you.

The only way to respond to this attack from the non-Christians against the Bible, is to identify exactly what the passage says first. The verse is in the contest of the Levitical dietary laws and restrictions, where is it naming specific foods you can and cannot eat. So, what does it say? The verse specifically focuses on winged insects, as can be identified in the first few words of the passage, and it says that all winged insects that “walk on all fours” cannot be eaten, aside from the locust, katydid, cricket, and grasshopper. In order to really understand what the Bible is saying here, the only thing we can do in order to undergo an honest examination of the contents of this passage is to first see exactly what the Bible is talking about  regarding these winged insects that walk on all fours, and the only way to do this is to look at the four clean examples it gives us. That being the locust, katydid, cricket and grasshopper.

Locust:

 

Katydid:

Cricket:

Grasshopper:

These insects are similar, especially the grasshopper and katydid, and all four insects have six legs. Although, it’s obvious that when the Bible says “all fours”, it’s making a distinction between the front four legs and the hind two legs, as they serve completely different functions. Only the front four legs are counted as feet, whereas the fact that the hind two legs serve a much different function due to their completely unique anatomy, size and responsibilities for the organism, are not counted as feet, rather merely legs. Biblical anatomy has different forms of classifications and descriptions for its biological terms than we do today, and that’s not very surprising considering it was written over three thousand years ago. In other words, this is obviously not a Bible error, this is just a difference between how people today classify different parts of insects and how Moses did thousands of years ago. The Bible does not count “jointed legs above their feet for hopping on the ground”, as the passage in Leviticus above phrases it, as feet, and likely any set of legs on an insect where the hind legs serve completely distinctive functions from the four front legs. It would seem ridiculous to assume that the ancient Hebrews didn’t know winged insects have four legs, considering they literally ate them raw. One type of winged insect that “walks on all fours” that would be prevented from being eaten according to this passage in Leviticus would be a honeybee.

As you can see, the hind legs of a honeybee are distinct from the front four legs, just like they are with the locust, katydid, cricket and grasshopper. Indeed, the two hind legs in the honeybee maintain a distinctive function from the front four legs. The hind legs in a honeybee differ in size from the front four legs, as well as how they are situated in the bee. In a bee colony, there are many types of bees. There is a queen, there are drones and there are also workers. Amongst all the types of bees in a colony, the hind legs have a different size in each of them. These hind legs are also specifically used to collect pollen from flowers. Although the hind legs can indeed be used similarly to the front legs in walking, they are clearly and vastly different in both appearance and function from the front legs. Likewise, this probably would be classified by the Bible’s anatomical classification system as a winged insect that walks on all fours. So there is no scientific error with the Bible, clearly, it’s simply the difference that exists between modern forms of classifying anatomical features in insects and how it was done many thousands of years ago.

God’s Word remains to be without error, and God’s many inventions, such as the bee, grasshopper and locust, all attest to the miracles God is responsible for creating.

Archaeology proves LITERAL TRUTH of the Bible

I found a recent archaeological discovery that seems to have been almost completely ignored by even the Christian archaeologists of the day that provides a STUNNING confirmation of the Biblical account. Behold.

We all remember the battle drawn between David and Goliath that took place in 1 Samuel 17, correct? Consider this… First of all, we are told Goliath comes from a city called Gath.

[1 Samuel 17:4] Then a champion named Goliath, from Gath, came out from the Philistine camp. He was six cubits and a span.

So Goliath is from Gath.

Now, consider this.

Archaeologists recently found Gath, and at it, they found a ninth bowl that dates to about 900 BC that LITERALLY HAS THE NAME WRITTEN “GATH” ON IT…

SEE: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/13/AR2005111300315.html

This is… INSANE CONFIRMATION OF THE BIBLICAL RECORD. This is not even minor. Now, hold up a second, archaeologists have not found the actual Goliath’s cereal bowl. This bowl dates to about 900 BC, whereas Goliath would have died before 1010 BC… However, this does show something very important. The Biblical record tells us there was  a man named Goliath who lived in Gath who lived in the period known as the Early Iron Age. The archaeological record has also revealed a Goliath who lived in Gath in the period of the Early Iron Age, although not the exact same Goliath. This shows us that the name Goliath was in fact a name that existed, in that period, for people living in the city of Gath — in other words, the Biblical record when naming the man who fought David from Gath is not inventing things, but drawing from known historical fact at the time and likely giving the name of an actual figure from the time. In other words, this evidence shows that 1) There is archaeological and historical fact in the story of David and Goliath and 2) Goliath was likely a real figure as what the Bible tells us about Goliath from Gath matches up with the stratigraphical record on people named Goliath from Gath.

“This is a groundbreaking find… Here we have very nice evidence the name Goliath appearing in the Bible in the context of the story of David and Goliath … is not some later literary creation.” – Aren Maier, professor at Bar-Ilan University

I hope you understand what that means… It seems the more we know about ancient history, the more problematic it is for anyone who doesn’t believe in the Bible… Hallelujah.

HALLELUJAH!