Can Math Prove The Existence of God?

If someone has a history with YouTube, they probably know about the channel ASAPScience. With over 6,000,000 subscribers and many short, well-put together scientific videos explaining simple topics, it’s almost inevitable you’ve come across one of their videos before. Three days ago, they posted a rather very nice video titled Can Math Prove The Existence Of God? that simply must be watched by any theist.

Well-put together, and explains the easy inferiority of atheism, the view that there is no God, to theism, the view that there is a God. Indeed, the argument is very simple and easy to follow:

  1. If God does not exist, humans developing is very unlikely
  2. Humans did develop
  3. Therefore God not existing is very unlikely

Indeed, the premises are correct and thus the conclusion inevitably follows. The only problem with the video, of course, is when the go on about the “illusion/virtual reality” as somehow having a higher probability then the existence of God, however of course, the creation of a virtual reality by humans presupposes humans to begin with, and so we’re right back at the beginning point — No god V.S. God. And of course, God wins. It should be noted, based on specific religions (like Christianity), the probability of humans developing is 1/1. So math seems to show the existence of God.

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Everything That Begins To Exist Has A Cause

This world is rather large, isn’t it? We live in a world that has various fundamental rules, in which cannot be broken. Some of these rules apply to the entire universe, and are even used as arguments for the existence of God. One of these rules is that everything that begins to exist has a cause.

In the past, between the 19th century and early 20th century, it was originally assumed that the universe was past-eternal, and that it had always existed forever. However, due to recent advancements in cosmology, astronomy and physics — it is now known and understood that the universe is not in fact past-eternal, rather is something that had an absolute beginning some finite amount of time ago. Space, time, matter and all of energy in existence, as well as any quantum principles, information, and anything else you may think of that exists in the natural world — even the natural world itself began to exist. It is commonly assumed that this beginning took place some 13,000,000,000-14,000,000,000 years ago, in a cataclysmic event known as the Big Bang.

Indeed, the standard big bang inflationary model, commonly accepted by cosmologists, purports an absolute beginning, and this is part of accepted and established modern science nowadays. Previously, because the universe was thought to be past-eternal, it was also thought not to need a cause. This is because anything that is past-eternal, is necessarily self-existing and requires no external factors/causation to exist, it exists entirely on its own. Like God. However, now that it is known that the universe has an absolute beginning of its own, it must also necessarily have a cause — because everything that begins to exist has a cause. There are several reasons as to why this is true.

For one, the Law of Causality necessitates that it is true. Causality is a well understood and necessary principle, which states that any occurrence whatsoever at all, such as an action or event, must have a cause to allow it to happen. A beginning of the entire universe definitely qualifies as an occurrence, and thus the Law of Causality (which is a law of logic) must then apply to the universe. In fact, the beginning of the existence of anything at all requires a cause, as it is an occurrence and therefore the Law of Causality applies to it. The Law of Causality is perhaps, the most well established principle in all of existence. To say that something can come from nothing without any reasons, is worse then magic. Dr. William Lane Craig, who is a world-class philosopher says the following:

… something cannot come from nothing. To claim that something can come into being from nothing is worse than magic, when you think about it. When a magician pulls a rabbit out of a hat, at least you’ve got the magician – not to speak of the hat!

-William Lane Craig

There are of course, some who actually try to deny this claim! Some people truly believe something can come from nothing. Usually, they actually try to cite the idea that virtual/subatomic particles can randomly pop in and out of existence from nothing, an din fact without cause as well. These claims are merely a skewing of science, and Dr. Craig goes on to make the following statement in the same speech in regards to these claims:

I think that this response represents a deliberate abuse of science, to be frank. The theories in question have to do with particles’ originating as fluctuations of the energy in the vacuum. And you need to understand that in physics, the vacuum is not what the layman means by a vacuum, namely, nothing. In physics, the vacuum is a sea of fluctuating energy, a sea of violent activity, having a physical structure and governed by physical laws. Similarly, in these models of the universe, the universe comes into being out of the vacuum; it doesn’t come into being from nothing. The vacuum is definitely something, which is this sea of fluctuating energy. And to tell lay people that in this case something comes from nothing is simply a distortion of these theories and, as I say, an abuse of science by those who appeal to them. [Emphasis added.]

-William Lane Craig

The fact is, these subatomic/virtual particles do not come into existence from nothing, rather they are merely quantum fluctuations that occur in and out of the quantum field.

There’s a popular book called A Universe From Nothing by physicist Lawrence Krauss, where Krauss (who is also an atheist populist) claims that the universe can come into existence from nothing. Something that was more surprising to me is that the book was actually listed as a non-fiction. Krauss, to prove something can come from nothing, merely played a little game where he simply redefines the word ‘something’ to mean ‘nothing, and voilà, Krauss concludes you can get a universe from nothing. In reality, what he means by ‘nothing’ is really a vacuum filled with energy and quantum fluctuations. Sound familiar to what we just discussed? The funny thing is the existence of quantum mechanics (which ‘creates’ these subatomic/virtual particles) only is dependent on space, and so the cause of space (as well as time and the rest of universe) couldn’t have anything to do any quantum effects in the first place.

Now, because of mathematics, we can now it is an established criterion of the universe, and basically anything at all, that something cannot come from nothing. Allow me to explain.

Nothing, in mathematics, is represented by 0. Something, in mathematics, would be represented by any positive value above zero, like 5. In other words, for it to be possible to get something from nothing, it would also be possible to get 5 from 0 on its own. Unfortunately for any materialist of course, it isn’t. There is no possible way to extract the positive value of 5 from 0, because 0=0 and 0 =/= 5. Something cannot come from nothing. That means that everything that begins to exist has a cause — as something (5) coming into existence from nothing (0) is a mathematically incoherent idea. To Atheism, the fact that everything begins to exist has a cause is definitely frightening — and that is because it means that the universe has a cause. I wonder what caused the universe. God?

Is 1 Kings 7:23 wrong about Pi?

Mathematics are great! Aren’t they? Many people are at the very least somewhat capable of performing mathematics, and there are some very simple things in math, such as multiplication or calculating Pi. We can all calculate for Pi right? The circumference of a circle divided by its diameter? But wait… Can God do math?

Christians understand that the Holy Bible is the inerrant Word of God, but the non-believers come up with some of the most ridiculous accusations of Biblical errors at times. For example, they claim and tell us that the Holy Bible does not even get Pi correct, based on 1 Kings 7:23. Now, let us investigate this accusation, as to behold whether or not it holds merit.

[1 Kings 7:23]  He made the cast metal reservoir, 10 cubits from brim to brim, perfectly round. It was 5 cubits high and 30 cubits in circumference.

Now, we all know (or have we already forgotten here??) that if you divide the circumference of any perfect circle by its diameter, you will come up with 3.141596… And so on, otherwise known as pi. However, it seems that the Holy Bible gives us false calculations here! How egregious! The Holy Bible tells us that this object, which is perfectly round, has a circumference of 45 feet and a diameter of 15 feet, but 45/15=3, not 3.14! Therefore, the non-believer will exclaim to their foolish audience, the Holy Bible is in error regarding mathematics.

Hmm… So why is claim false? The trick here is to… Read a few verses on to 1 Kings 7:26.

[1 Kings 7:26]  The reservoir was a handbreadth thick, and its rim was fashioned like the brim of a cup or of a lily blossom. It held 2,000 baths.

The key part of this verse is where we are told its rim (the top of the object) was fashioned like the brim of a cup. In other words, this is what Biblical Scholars believe this object looked like:

p24_moltensea

As you can see, although the circumference was of a perfect circle, it expanded outwards near the top, like a cup, so the circumference did not correlate with the diameter, meaning the calculation for Pi cannot be applied to this object initially if the diameter was measured from brim to brim. I hope this makes sense to everybody. No error here, the Holy Bible beats off the accuser yet again.